Abstract: 
We formalise the picalculus using the nominal datatype package, based on ideas from the nominal logic by Pitts et al., and demonstrate an implementation in Isabelle/HOL. The purpose is to derive powerful induction rules for the semantics in order to conduct machine checkable proofs, closely following the intuitive arguments found in manual proofs. In this way we have covered many of the standard theorems of bisimulation equivalence and congruence, both late and early, and both strong and weak in a uniform manner. We thus provide one of the most extensive formalisations of a the picalculus ever done inside a theorem prover.
A significant gain in our formulation is that agents are identified up to alphaequivalence, thereby greatly reducing the arguments about bound names. This is a normal strategy for manual proofs about the picalculus, but that kind of hand waving has previously been difficult to incorporate smoothly in an interactive theorem prover. We show how the nominal logic formalism and its support in Isabelle accomplishes this and thus significantly reduces the tedium of conducting completely formal proofs. This improves on previous work using weak higher order abstract syntax since we do not need extra assumptions to filter out exotic terms and can keep all arguments within a familiar firstorder logic.
This entry is described in detail in Bengtson's thesis. 
BibTeX: 
@article{Pi_CalculusAFP,
author = {Jesper Bengtson},
title = {The picalculus in nominal logic},
journal = {Archive of Formal Proofs},
month = may,
year = 2012,
note = {\url{https://isaafp.org/entries/Pi_Calculus.html},
Formal proof development},
ISSN = {2150914x},
}
